Categories Of Surgical Instruments

Waleed Alabsi demonstrates that this type of equipment is used to hold an incision or wound open, hold an organ or tissue out of the way to reveal what’s under. Self-restraining retractors have a screw, ratchet, or clamp to hold the

Waleed Alabsi recommends a few things to consider when selecting surgical products such as:

  1. What is the procedure being done? Picking the correct surgical instrument can go a long way in determining the success of the surgical technique
  2. What is the size of the subject being performed?
  3. How often will the instrument be used during the procedure?

Categories of Surgical Instruments

Surgical products can be classified based on the function to be performed. This categorization includes:

  1. Cutting instruments such as scissors, knives surgical blades, and scalpels
  2. Grasping or holding equipment such as tissue forceps and hemostatic forceps
  3. Retractors, which are used to open or hold an organ or tissue out of the way, such as Weitlaner and Gelpi.

Cutting Instruments

Scissors are cutting instruments that have two blades that are joined together at a pivot enabling the sharp edges to glide against each other to shear material between the blades.

Waleed Alabsi recommends that when selecting the appropriate pair of surgical scissors, keep in mind the following:

  1. Fine tip scissors are ideal for use in spaces that provide restricted movement. They are designed for ophthalmologic procedures that require delicate tissue incision. They provide for quick accurate cuts with minimal tissue damage.
  2. When you want to avoid cutting underlying tissues, use curve-tipped scissors.
  3. Scissors with a heavier construction are utilized in cutting fur, thicker vessels, or tissue.
  4. The depth of the incision is considered as it determines the length of the scissor tips.
  5. Scissors with tungsten carbide inserts are more durable, hold an edge longer and last longer than instruments made of stainless steel.

Some well known common types of scissors according to Waleed Alabsi include:

Vannas scissors. They are delicate spring scissors. They are perfect for right or left-hand use, are used frequently in ophthalmic and neurosurgical procedures, and work well under a dissection microscope.

Castroviejo scissors were designed for use in ophthalmologic applications that require a delicate incision of tissue. They make sure minimal tissue damage is done while making quick, accurate cuts.

McPherson-Vannas are a type of scissors that are surgical medical products designed for ophthalmologic procedures that require fine delicate blades for intricate work.

Grasping Instruments

According to Waleed Alabsi, surgical forceps are broadly divided into two categories. These are the ring forceps (also called hemostats, hemostatic forceps, and locking forceps) and the thumb forceps (frequently called tweezers or pinning forceps).

While selecting forceps, consider the following:

  1. Reverse forceps provide uniform tension since they are self-closing and you have to squeeze them to open them.
  2. For non-porous, corrosion, and heat resistant forceps consider the ceramic tipped forceps.
  3. For general precision work consider the forceps with straight tips, slightly curved or full curved tips for more visibility.
  4. Ceramic tipped forceps are non-porous, corrosion and heat resistant, and insulated.
  5. Forceps with straight tips are used for general precision work, and slightly curved or fully curved tips provide more visibility

Ring forceps also called hemostats or locking forceps, are used for grasping, holding firmly, or exerting traction on the body tissue especially during delicate operations. They are hinged, look like ring scissors and have a locking mechanism called a ratchet, which is used for clamping.

Thumb forceps are surgical medical products used for grasping, holding, or manipulating body tissue by compression between your thumb and forefinger. The two broad categories of thumb forceps include the dressing forceps and tissue forceps. Dressing forceps are especially used when dressing wounds or removing dressings. Tissue forceps have teeth providing a better grip on tissues while minimizing tissue damage.


Waleed Alabsi demonstrates that this type of equipment is used to hold an incision or wound open, hold an organ or tissue out of the way to reveal what’s under. Self-restraining retractors have a screw, ratchet, or clamp to hold the tissue while wire retractors have some spring that enables the surgeon to pinch it together, position, and release it.

Waleed Alabsi recommends doing proper care and handling of your medical instruments to improve their longevity and function. You must choose a protocol that is appropriate for your environment.

Waleed Alabsi recommends doing proper care and handling of your medical instruments to improve their longevity and function. You must choose a protocol that is appropriate for your environment.

Cleaning Techniques:

The following techniques are to be used in the cleaning of surgical products:


This is done immediately after the use of the instruments. rinse the surgical products under warm water to remove all body fluids and tissue. The presence of dried soils may cause damage to the instrument making cleaning very difficult. It is advisable not to use hot water as it will coagulate proteinous substances.

Waleed Alabsi says that temperature, time, and agitation are important factors in the cleaning process. Time affects the efficiency of the cleaning chemicals. Cleaning solutions with higher temperatures result in better cleaning. Manual or ultrasonic agitation helps loosen dried soils on the instrument surface.

Ultrasonic Cleaning:

Of the cleaning methods, Ultrasonic Cleaning is the most effective. It is the result of cavitation. Micron-size bubbles are created by vibrating sounds which grow with alternating pressure. When a resonant size is reached, the bubbles implode. This creates a force that dislodges particles and dirt. The cavitation rate is greatly improved by the use of ultrasonic detergent as opposed to plain water.

Procedure for Ultrasonic Cleaning:       

According to Waleed Alabsi, utilize the following process while doing ultrasonic

  1. As per manufacturer recommendations, mix enzymatic or other neutral pH or a mild alkaline detergent.
  2. If available, use deionized water.
  3. Degas the solution by running the ultrasonic cleaner for several minutes to obtain the correct temperature.
  4. Place the instruments in an open position in the ultrasonic cleaner. Surgical medical products with sharp blades should not be allowed to come into contact with other instruments. fully submerge the instruments.
  5. Dissimilar metals should not be placed in the same cleaning cycle.
  6. The instruments should be processed in the cleaner for about 5 to 10 minutes.
  7. Use water to rinse instruments to remove the ultrasonic cleaning solution and any other remaining dirt
  8. Using a clean towel thoroughly dry the instruments. this procedure reduces the risk of the formation of water spots and corrosion.
  9. To improve the function of the instrument, use spray lubricant in the hinges.

Automatic Washer Sterilizers:

Waleed Alabsi recommends that you lubricate the surgical medical products after the last rinse cycle and before doing the sterilization cycle.

  1. Use a stiff plastic cleaning brush. Do not use wire brushes or wire brushes.
  2. Make use of neutral pH detergents. Low pH detergents may breakdown the stainless protective surface if not rinsed properly and cause black staining. The use of high pH detergents will cause surface deposits of brown stains which can interfere with the operation of the instrument.
  3. Carefully brush delicate instruments and handle them separately from the general instruments.
  4. Check whether all instrument surfaces are visibly clean and free of tissue and stains. Inspect for proper function and condition.
  5. Thoroughly rinse the instruments under running water.
  6. Using a clean towel, thoroughly dry instruments.


Use a corrosion inhibiting detergent to soak large non-delicate instruments when other cleaning methods are not practical. It is recommended to rinse and dry after soaking.



  1. Instruments that have metal-to-metal action should be lubricated.
  2. You can autoclave the instruments individually or in sets.
  3. Do not lock an instrument during autoclaving as this will prevent the steam from reaching and sterilizing the metal-to-metal surfaces.
  4. Make sure you do not overload the autoclave chamber
  5. Excess moisture formed can be absorbed by placing a towel on the bottom of the pan
  6. After the autoclave cycle unlocks the autoclave door. Perform the dry cycle for the recommended period by the autoclave manufacturer.

Cold Sterilization:

According to Waleed Alabsi, to render instruments sterile most cold sterilization solutions require a 10-hour immersion. For instruments with inserts made of tungsten carbide, do not use solutions that contain benzyl ammonium chloride.

Scalpel blades are for making incisions on your skin or soft tissues. Different varieties are available, and you can pick the best option for a medical centre. Please read on to know more.

The Scalpel blade is one of the surgical products used for making incisions on your skin and tissues. Different types of surgical products are available depending on your requirements. We have come up with the right solutions for you. When it comes to the surgical product, you have to choose the best quality. Many companies offer these products, but a few names maintain the reputation of quality products. For high-quality products, you must contact Mr Waleed Alabsi, the CEO of the Alabsi Group. The company is known for offering premium quality medical equipment and medical solutions to health care facilities. Here, we talk about the use of scalpel blades and how you can buy the best one.

Identifying names of surgical equipment is a tough decision for everyone unless you belong in the medical field. Scalpel blades are one the commonly used products in the operation theatre and those who in the internship need to remember the name of this surgical equipment to assist senior doctors in the operation theatre.

Scalpel blades come in different sizes and shapes to meet their surgical purposes. Let’s explain things further. The larger blades are for making a larger incision through thicker tissues. They have also been used for the dissection of soft tissues in animals. Some blades are curved and have a belly. They all are for making incisions, and their sharpest area is the apex of the belly. Small blades are for making a small incision, and they are perfect for animal surgery. Larger blades are commonly used for thoracotomy or laparotomy.

You will also get triangular blades with a sharp point, and they are also called stabbing blades. These blades are used for making a stab-like incision and precision cut. They can be used for inserting chest tubes or drains. Generally, straight blades are for straight cuts, and curved blades are for curved cuts. You can choose anything you need for the healthcare system.

You will also find blades for removing sutures. You find many different blades for conducting different operations. The variety of blades seem limitless because options are huge. Always pick one company for buying surgical products. Prime MedCare understands your needs and offers the best solutions for your facility. We have different choices, and you will get a one-stop solution from us.

The Alabsi Group, led by Mr.Waleed Alabsi, is a reputed company offering a product line in surgical products. From lights to blades, you will get everything from us. Contact us for more details.

Surgical instruments are wide in numbers, and they have a different use also. Read on to know more about them.

Surgical instruments are wide in numbers because there are different types of surgeries operated in an operation theatre. Knowing surgical products will help junior doctors get more information about surgeries. Covering everything in one article is tough. So, we divide things into parts. Here, you will get knowledge about the surgical instruments used for basic operations. Read on to learn more.  Depending on the most common use of instruments, we cover a few things that you must be aware of. If your facility needs the best quality surgical products, Mr Waleed Alabsi will meet your demands. He is the founder of the Alabsi Group that takes care of business queries across the globe.

Surgeons most commonly use some important instruments, and they are:

Dissecting forceps:

It is one of the most common instruments you will find in an operating room. These instruments look like a pair of tweezers and come in different varieties and shapes. They are used for grasping and manipulating tissues. You can use these instruments as your fingers and thumbs, and the tips of the forceps may come with or without a tooth. 

Hinged forceps:

The surgical instrument looks like a scissor, but it has a completely different purpose than a scissor. The two blades here work as arms to press things together instead of cutting things. It will also have different sizes and shapes, meeting the surgical requirement. 


They have a similar design to hinged forceps and are used for blocking blood vessels. Depending on the use, clamps can be of different varieties. Atraumatic clamps that are used on the bowel are for crushing tissues. 


They are important surgical instruments, and they are uncomplicated also. It is used for checking the anatomy of exploring sinus track.

Handheld retractors:

It is a versatile instrument that needs manipulation by an assistant. This instrument has three main parts:

  1. A handle that the assistant holds.
  2. A blade is put into the patients.
  3. A shaft in between.

The blades have different shapes, including hooks, teeth, right angles, and curves. 


Scissors are very common in an operation theatre. Surgical scissors are different from the ones that you commonly have. Even surgical scissors also have many types, depending on the needs of operations. Suture scissors are straight, while fine dissecting scissors have a slight cut. Remember that surgical scissors are right-handed instruments.


It is one of the surgical instruments that cut tissues. It is an energy device and has both cutting and coagulation properties. The instrument comes in two main variety bipolar and monopolar.

So these are some common surgical instruments. The Alabsi Group, founded by Mr.Waleed Alabsi, offers instruments in full-scale, which helps your facility get everything in one place. If you need any information, you can contact us. We have a wide product line for your medical center, especially for your operation theatre. Please contact us for more details.

Other Medical Services

Every necessary surgical product must be available in your operating room while conducting a surgery. We take the responsibility to keep everything within your reach, which helps you dedicatedly perform your operations. You will get a complete solution from us for obtaining all required surgical products, from tables and trays to disposable bins. Maintaining superior quality, we deliver products that will meet your all needs.